The spinal cord is an essential part of the human system that conveys information between brain and the rest of the body. The spinal cord is made of nerve fibers that transmit pulses to and from the brain, which form the central nervous system. If damaged, whether traumatic or non-traumatic, a person won’t feel anything and will result to immobility.
According to the data raised by the World Health Organization, there are 500,000 spinal cord injuries each year. As described by Dr. Etienne Krug, Director of Department of Violence and Injury Prevention and Disability, suffering from spinal cord injuries is a complex and life-changing disease.
Furthermore, 90% of spinal cord injuries are due to road accidents, crashes, falls and violence. Non-traumatic, on the other hand, are complications from other diseases such as tumors, spina bifida and tuberculosis.
At the moment, physical therapy through rehabilitation and oral medications are the most common treatments for spinal cord injuries. However, with proper knowledge as well as, more effective medical options, these injuries are preventable and curable.
Essentially, stem cell therapy is one of them.
How Stem Cell Therapy Can Cure Spinal Cord Injuries
In the recent affirmation by the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), stem cell therapy had been a successful technique to their first patient who underwent a 4-hour procedure. Cumulative of 10 years worth of research, led by Dai Jianwu, about regenerative stem cell. It has become an antidote for the patient, who suffered from a traffic accident two months ago.
The first patient to undergo this procedure was among the 6 patients who signed up for the said research. As quoted by Xinhua news, the patient was implanted with mesenchymal stem cells and a collagen consisting of scaffolds fibers along with collagen binding-brain-derived neuropathic factor (BDNF).
The procedure went well as the used to be bedridden patient is now in good condition.
The collagen acted as the bridge to reconnect broken nerves, while the mesenchymal stems are essential in tissue recovery.
In a nutshell, these are the contributions of how stem cell therapy works:
- Helps recover dead tissues caused by the injury.
- The collagen restores connectivity to and from the brain.
- The protein aids the neurons to regenerate.
- It protects the cells from any future damage by releasing protective substances.
- It helps soak up free radicals when stem cells are introduced shortly after the injury.
- It prevents further damage that a complication can give after the injury.
This story is another breakthrough in stem cell therapy history, preferably, for curing such.
Stem cell therapy is a complex process and should only be done by experts. Learn more about stem cell therapy here.